Guide to Pedestrian Crossing Offences

There are different requirements for drivers with respect to pedestrian crossings dependent on whether it is a Zebra, Pelican, Puffin or Toucan Crossing. On a Zebra crossing (black and white lines with flashing orange beacons) there is an obligation to stop as soon as a pedestrian steps on it or appears to intend to step onto it (i.e. they have priority). The other crossings are all light controlled and the obligation is to comply with the lights.

The further general rules are that:

  1. no vehicle should stop on the crossing;
  2. no vehicle should overtake in the “controlled area” of the crossing (usually indicated by zig-zag lines); and
  3. no vehicle should park in the “controlled area” of the crossing.

Do I need an NIP (Notice of Intended Prosecution) for Pedestrian Crossing Offences?

No, there is no requirement for an NIP for Pedestrian Crossing Offences.


Fine up to £1,000, 3 penalty points and discretionary disqualification from driving.


Defences are available if the vehicle contravening these regulations did so either:

  1. due to a mechanical defect; or
  2. due to circumstances out of their control; or

    had to stop to avoid injury or damage to persons or property.

These defences invariably turn on the particular facts and Police Officers often bring allegations of overtaking or stopping on a pedestrian crossing in circumstances where the offence has not been committed. This is especially the case with motorcycles. Do not assume what the Officer says is correct as they may not be conversant with the technicalities of the law in this area. We advise you contact us immediately if you are facing a prosecution in relation to pedestrian crossing offences to take specialist legal advice.

Disclaimer The contents of these pages are provided as an information guide only and are limited to offences committed in England and Wales. No responsibility is accepted for any errors, omissions, or misleading statements on these pages or any site to which these pages connect, including any feature or aspect of such site or pages, whether provided by Motor Defence Solicitors or by any organisation, company or individual. No mention of any organisation, company or individual, whether on these pages or on other sites to which these pages are linked shall imply any approval or warranty as to the standing and capability of any such organisations, company or individual on the part of Motor Defence Solicitors.